Army Cavalry

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WW II US ARMY enlisted collar branch CAVALRY NOS on card by AMCRAFT
$28.00
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b1449 1930s WW 2 US Army 1st Cavalry Division wool patch
$27.00
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b1450 WW 2 US Army Cavalry Officers overseas cap patch khaki
$17.00
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b1451 WW 2 US Army 4th Cavalry Regiment shoulder patach Yellow wool
$22.00
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b1452 1930s WW 2 US Army 24th Cavalry Division wool patch
$22.00
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b1453 WW 2 US Army 24th Cavalry Division patch
$12.00
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b1454 WW 2 US Army 65th Cavalry Division patch lt OD boarder
$12.00
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b1455 WW 2 US Army 65th Cavalry Division patch dark OD boarder
$12.00
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b1457 WW 2 US Army 3rd Army Cavalry Regiment Brave Rifles 3
$12.00
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b1458 WW 2 US Army 62nd Cavalry Division patch
$12.00
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b1459 WW 2 US Army 64th Cavalry Division patch
$12.00
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b1460 WW 2 US Army 64th Cavalry Division patch variation
$12.00
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b1461 1930s WW 2 US Army 61st Cavalry shoulder patch machine embroidered
$12.00
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b1462 WW 2 US Army Cavalry 8th Recon Company patch
$12.00
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WWII Army Cavalry Officer Ruptured Duck Honorable Discharge Pat
$11.99
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WWII Army Cavalry Officer Insignia by Gemsco
$15.99
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L451 World War II US Army Cavalry War Horse Mounted Bridle Bit Marked WW2 WWII
$49.99
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post WWII US Army Enlisted Man Khaki Garrison Cap Cavalry Division Piping Size 7
$14.99
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WW2 US ARMY 61ST CAVALRY DIVISION PATCH
$6.99
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WW2 US ARMY 66TH CAVALRY PATCH
$6.99
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WW2 US ARMY 63RD CAVALRY DIVISION PATCH
$6.99
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WWII Army Cavalry Officer Insignia
$13.99
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WWII Army Cavalry Enlisted Collar Discs and Hat Badge Lot Of 4
$11.99
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WWII Army Cavalry Officer Insignia Set
$21.99
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Original WWII US Army Officers 82nd Cavalry Reconnaissance collar brass
$13.50
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Post WWII 1950 US army Military Armored Cavalry Tank Pin w Sword orig item W22
$5.00
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1930s US Army patch 1st Cavalry Division patch
$8.99
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1930s US Army patch Cavalry Division patch wool
$9.99
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WW2 Era British Army 4th Queens Own Hussars Cavalry Metal Cap Badge 51
$18.00
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WWII Army Cavalry F Troop Officer Insignia Set
$31.99
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WWII Army Cavalry Officer Collar Insignia by Meyer Plate RARE MARK
$17.99
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WWI to WWII Army Cavalry Officer Home Front Sweetheart Pin
$13.99
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WWII Part 18K Gold Army Cavalry Officer Insignia by Meyer Metal
$17.99
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WWII Gold Plated Army Cavalry Officer Insignia by Meyer Plate VERY RARE MARK
$17.99
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WWII Army Cavalry Officer Insignia by Meyer
$17.99
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Pre WWII 1930s Part 18K Gold Army Cavalry Officer Insignia by Meyer Metal
$15.99
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WW2 Japanese photo lot Army Infantry Cavalry hat bayonet fur cap
$15.00
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OLD VINTAGE US ARMY WW2 WWII 1st CAVALRY INSIGNIA PATCH lot 5
$11.99
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OLD VINTAGE US ARMY WW2 WWII 1st CAVALRY INSIGNIA PATCH lot 1
$19.99
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OLD VINTAGE US ARMY WW2 WWII 1st CAVALRY INSIGNIA PATCH lot 3
$19.99
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OLD VINTAGE US ARMY WW2 WWII 1st CAVALRY INSIGNIA PATCH lot 4
$19.99
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WW2 ERA US ARMY FIRST CAVALRY DIVISION PATCH
$19.99
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b2521 1930s US Army 52nd Cavalry Brigade shoulder patch red wool A
$15.00
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US ARMY 1ST CAVALRY DIVISION IKE JACKET
$10.50
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US Army 2nd Cavalry Shoulder Sleeve Insignia SSI Green Back
$4.99
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WW2 US Army Officers Brown Cavalry Riding Boots Fort Wm McKinley P I Ah Leong
$315.00
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Early 1940s U S Army issue 2nd Cavalry Division shoulder patch by NS Meyers
$14.50
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WWII German RP Army Reiterkorps Cavalryman Cavalry Horse Behind Fence
$3.95
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WWII German RP Army Reiterkorps Cavalryman Cavalry Horse Empty Stable
$3.49
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1930s US Army patch 1st Cavalry Division patch
$9.99
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WWII US Army 101st cavalry regiment patch
$7.50
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WWII Sweetheart Pillow Case Cover Army Fort Riley Cavalry Replacement Training
$14.99
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WW2 US ARMY 1ST CAVALRY DIVISION PATCH
$9.99
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b2508 WW 2 US Army 106th Cavalry Regiment R2D
$12.00
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WWII US Army BRITISH made cavalry canteen strap RARE new old stock
$23.00
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107th Cavalry Pocket Patch Post WWII US Army P1325
$12.99
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66th Cavalry Division Wool Patch WWII US Army P1302
$14.99
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62nd Cavalry Division Wool Patch WWII US Army P1303
$14.99
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63rd Cavalry Division Wool Patch WWII US Army P1304
$14.99
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100 ORIGINAL WWII US ARMY 2nd CAVALRY DIVISION GREENBACK CUT EDGE PATCH LARGE
$30.00
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b1492 WW 2 US Army 66th Cavalry Division patch
$12.00
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b1493 WW 2 US Army 113th Cavalry Regiment patch
$17.00
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WWII British Army Yorkshire Hussars Cavalry Cap Badge 131
$20.00
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WWII Army Cavalry B Troop Officer Insignia Set
$34.99
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US Army Military Cavalry WW II Issue Soap Saddle Tin Poison 4 9C
$22.99
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Army Colonel John Carlton photo Armored Cavalry Reserve USAR WWII Purple Heart
$12.95
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Lot of Ten Vintage WWII Pins ARMY Cavalry INFANTRY
$24.99
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His Majestys Reserve Regiment Dragoon Guards Badge British Army Cavalry
$15.00
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WWII Army Cavalry Officer Insignia
$19.99
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US ARMY WW II 104TH CAVALRY RGT DUI PIN PIN BACK
$14.99
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US ARMY WW II 12th CAVALRY RGT DUI PIN PIN BACK
$14.99
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US ARMY WW II 2nd CAVALRY RGT DUI PIN PIN BACK GERMAN MADE
$13.99
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US ARMY WW II WW II ERA 7th CAVALRY RGT DUI PIN PIN BACK
$14.99
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1930s US Army patch 1st Cavalry Division patch
$9.99
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New Old Stock WWII US Army 2nd Cavalry Division whiteback shoulder patch Mint
$8.00
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3rd ARMORED CAVALRY REGIMENT US ARMY ORIGINAL PATCH FORT HOOD
$2.00
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Vintage Vanguard Pair of United States Army Armored Cavalry Pins
$24.02
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20256 Patch WWII 2nd Cavalry Nice No Glow Army Insignia Badge Military
$9.99
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WWII US Army Son in Service Fob Signal Corps Engineer Medical Infantry Cavalry
$35.00
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WWII German Army Large RPPC Soldier Hat Cavalry Trooper Mounted on Horse 40s
$6.95
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WWII German Army Large RP Soldier Cavalry Trooper Mounted on Horse Stable
$3.49
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WWII German Army Large RP Cavalry Trooper Grooms Horse Neuhaus Germany 1940
$4.95
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WWII German Army Large RP Riding Crop Cavalry Trooper Mounted on Horse 1939
$5.95
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WWII German Army Large RP Soldier Cavalry Trooper Rides Beautiful Horse 1940s
$4.95
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WWII German Army Large RP Semi Nude Cavalry Trooper Holds Horse By Bridle 40s
$4.95
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WWII German Army Large RP Soldier Cavalry Trooper Holds Army Horse By Bridle
$4.95
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ORIGINAL WW2 Vintage Greenback 2nd CAVALRY DIVISION US ARMY SHOULDER PATCH
$24.95
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WWII Army Patch 3rd Cavalry Division Embroidered Shoulder Patch WW2
$14.95
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Army Cavalry

Camel Cavalry - Civil War History

Discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in Dec. 1848 set off a rush for California. Eager miners had to choose from three difficult and dangerous routes to get there.

The fastest, but expensive, was a sea journey to Panama, a portage to the Pacific and another trip by ship to San Francisco. A mid-continent route required arduous climbing through the Rocky Mountains. A southern route through desert country -- newly won as spoils in the Mexican War -- had to contend with lack of water and animal forage.

Jefferson Davis, a senator for Mississippi --- later president of the Confederacy --- suggested that camels be imported to carry supplies across the southwestern desert to the miners --- and gold on the return trip. His proposal was greeted with jeers and laughter in Congress.

In 1853, Davis was appointed Secretary of War and in a position to pursue his camel venture. Two years later, Congress appropriated $30,000 to buy camels for military purposes.

Major Henry C. Wayne was given the task of acquiring the camels. U.S. Navy Lt. David Porter, commander of the cargo ship Supply was directed to transport the exotic animals. Neither man had ever seen a camel except, perhaps, in a circus.

At Tunis, Wayne purchased the first camel he laid eyes on, paying the asking price by an astonished camel herder. In short order, Wayne and Porter had bought four broken down camels that soon died. One good camel was given to them by the Bey of Tunis.

Fortunately an American named Gwinn Heap, who had lived in Tunis many years, joined the expedition. He took the two neophytes to Egypt were nine camels were purchased at greatly inflated prices.

With this, Heap went on alone to Smyrna where his connection with the American government was unknown. There he purchased 23 healthy animals by the time Wayne and Porter arrived.

Included in the motley herd of 33 camels were "21 Arabian beasts of burden (one hump), two Bactrians (two humps), nine Dromedaries (bred for fast riding) and one Tuili (an enormous offspring of an Arabian female and a Bactrian male)."

Three native handlers were taken along to manage the camels during the three-month Atlantic crossing. The camel drivers were Hadji Ali (shortened to Hi Jolly by the sailors), George Caralambo (Greek George) and Elias Calles.

The camels were quartered below deck in straw-padded stalls. A hole was cut in the deck to accommodate the Tuili's hump. In rough weather, the animals were tied down in a kneeling position so they would not break their legs.

One camel died on the voyage. However, six colts were born; and two of these survived. Thus, the expedition landed at Indianola, Texas, with one more animals than it started with. Upon reaching shore, the camels went berserk --- breaking their harness, bellowing, kicking, and romping about.

The camels were a great curiosity. Newspapers front-paged the arrival. Folks at San Antonio laughed at the camels and doubted their strength. Whereupon, Wayne arranged a demonstration of their prowess.

He asked the crowd to point out a camel. That one kneeled and was loaded with two bales of hay weighing altogether 613 pounds - a heavy load for a mule. Then, two more bales were placed on the camel's back. Upon command, the camel arose easily and strode away - to cheers from the crowd.

Total cost of the expedition was $7,331. The balance of the $30,000 appropriation was returned to the government -- a precedent that never caught on.

Maj. Wayne set out in caravan for Camp Verde, an Army post 60 miles northwest of San Antonio. Heap and Porter returned immediately to Asia Minor where they purchased 42 more camels. This brought to 75 the total number of animals imported.

En route to Camp Verde, the caravan stopped for rest at Victoria. There Mrs. Mary Shirkey was allowed to clip enough camel hair to knit a pair of socks. She mailed them to Wayne, and he sent them to President Franklin Pierce. The president sent Mrs. Shirkey a silver goblet.

The 1st U.S.A. Camel Corps was designated in March 1857. Edward Beale was placed in command. He was promoted and assigned duties in Washington, D.C., where a Civil War was brewing.

Beale's appointment to the camel cavalry was a quirk of fate. He had been graduated from the Naval Academy but resigned when President Millard Fillmore appointed him Superintendent for Indian Affairs at California.

When gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill in 1849, Beale and an Army courier were selected to carry the news to Washington, D.C. They were ordered to take different routes so the news would get through even if one of them perished in the attempt.

Beale chose a dangerous route. He shipped south to San Blas then struck out overland by horseback to Vera Cruz through bandit country. On the Gulf coast he caught a ship to Washington. He was the first to arrive at the Capital, proudly carrying an eight-pound gold nugget.

The government in 1885 was still seeking an acceptable, all-weather route through the vast American continent to California. Beale was ordered to take his camels and survey a possible route along the 35th parallel from Fort Defiance, Arizona, to a Colorado River crossing.

The party left Camp Verde in June, 1857, with 25 camels, mules, sheep, dogs, supply wagons and regular Army cavalry.

The camels at first fell behind with sore humps due to inaction of the sea voyage.

By the time they reached El Paso, however, Wayne reported to Secretary of War Floyd:

"Laboring under all the disadvantages arising out of the fact that we have not one man who knows anything whatever of camels, or how to pack them, we have nevertheless arrived here without an accident.

"Although we have used the camels every day with heavy packs, they have fewer sore backs and disabilities by far than would have been the case traveling with pack mules.

"The camels live and keep on food which the mules reject and which grows in the greatest luxuriance in the most barren of our American deserts --- namely, the greasewood, a small, bitter bush useless for any purpose.

"I was told by the highest authority on leaving San Antonio, that not one of them would ever see El Paso; that they would give out on the way. This prediction has not been verified by fact."

In another report, just before reaching a water hole, Beale wrote:

"Our horses were now beginning to suffer very much, having been almost constantly at work for 36 hours without water. One of the most painful sights I have ever witnessed was a group of them standing over a small barrel of water and trying to drink from the bung-hole, frantic with distress and eagerness to get at it!

"Our camels seemed to view this proceeding with great contempt and kept quietly browsing on the grass and bushes."

Upon arriving at the Colorado, the regular cavalry viewed the wide crossing warily. It was supposed the camels had a horror of rivers and would balk, or would be unable to swim. However, they waded in unperturbed, and all reached the other side safely. Ten mules and two horses drowned.

Beale and Hi Jolly, decked out in Arabian garb and bells, rode triumphantly astride their two Bactrians into the village of Los Angeles. The mission was a complete success.

The route they charted one day became the famous highway Route 66, now Interstate 40.

Wishing to test the endurance of camels in winter, Beale followed the same route back in early 1858. The camels were indifferent to cold weather.

Secretary Floyd was impressed with the camels' performance and ordered the purchase of 1,000 additional animals. However, Congress was more concerned with the possibility of civil war at home. All monies were spent on conventional defenses.

Camp Verde and its camels fell to Confederate forces in February 1861. Without any experience in managing camels, the confederates killed many "ships of the desert" as nuisances.

When Union forces regained Camp Verde, the remaining camels were scattered to various owners. Beale gave 28 of them to Los Angeles. They were housed on main street to transport mail and baggage from San Pedro.

The last 33 animals were auctioned off by the government to a rancher named Sam McLeneghan. He sold three to a circus, and used the others for freight service for many years.

The camels performed able and cheaply. Yet, as the caravans approached a town, a driver would have to go ahead on a horse and shout, "Camels coming, camels coming!"

This was a warning to horse riders whose mounts usually spooked at the strange looking, foul smelling camels. Nevada passed a law levying a $100 fine for using a camel on a public highway.

McLeneghan finally turned his camels loose. They and their few descendants wandered about the wastelands of Texas, Oklahoma and Arizona for many years.

Historian Robert Froman confirms by contemporary newspaper articles that a huge, wild camel with the skeleton of a man strapped to its back roamed Arizona and trampled to death a woman when surprised at a spring.

Thereafter the enraged camel was called the Red Ghost. It was shot to death in 1893 -- some human bones still strapped to its hump.

The Middle East drivers who came with the original shipment of camels scattered also. Calles ended up in Mexico where his son, Plutarco, became president of Mexico in the early 1920's. Greek George served a long term with the U.S. Army and died in Montebello, California, in 1913.

Hi Jolly became a living legend in the west. Once -- insulted because he had not been invited to a picnic at Los Angeles -- Hi Jolly broke up the gathering by driving into it with a cart pulled by his two pet camels.

The Syrian camel driver, and U.S. Army scout, is said to have died in 1903 with his camel out on the Arizona desert, his arms around the neck of his faithful steed. A monument marking Hi Jolly's "last camp" was erected at Quartzsite, Ariz.

In April 1934, the Oakland (Calif.) Tribune reported: "Topsy, the last American camel that trekked across the desert of Arizona and California died today at Griffith Park -- destroyed by attendants when she became crippled with paralysis of old age." Her ashes were interred in Hi Jolly's monument at Quartzsite.

April 20, 2003

Click here to see this article on Lindsey Williams' website

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Army Cavalry
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