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Vintage WWII Era US Navy Aviation Branch Seaman Photograph w Rating Patch
$19.95
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Vintage Imperial Japanese Navy Seaman 2nd Class Patch Original Pin Army WWII
$30.00
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US United States Navy WW2 II Petty Officer 3rd Class Ensignia Badge Seaman
$39.99
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WW2 US NAVY WHITE BELL BOTTOM PANTS Named Seaman E K BONETT SER 807 16 78
$29.17
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1943 US NAVY Military Navy Training Certificate Seaman first Class S Farber
$33.38
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Original WWII US Navy Wool Cracker Jack Donald Duck Flat Cap Seaman Hat
$18.99
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VINTAGE FRENCH MARINE NATIONALE NAVY SEAMANS HAT AND SHIRT SAME OWNER
$75.00
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WW2 BRITISH NAVY SEAMAN HAT TSMANTLE VS
$124.00
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WWII US Navy USN seaman torpedo man custom tailor made dress blue jumper
$25.00
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Nice Vintage US Navy Enlisted Mans E 3 Seaman Uniform with Hat
$29.50
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Original WWII US Navy Wool Cracker Jack Donald Duck Flat Cap Seaman Hat
$39.99
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WWII US Navy Seaman Uniform 2 Jumpers Trousers Silk tie Deck Gloves Pictr
$119.99
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VINTAGE 1940 US NAVY SEAMAN 1 C BOOK LOCKWOOD BASIN BOSTON MASS STAMP
$9.75
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WW2 US NAVY SEAMAN PORTRAIT SIGNED 1942 FARRAGUT IDAHO EX COND SEE THE CLOSE UP
$14.95
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USN NAVY WW2 1943 Aviation Metalsmith 1st Class Seaman Felt Patch
$8.99
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FRENCH MARINE NATIONALE NAVY SEAMANS HAT
$145.00
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c1942 WWII US Navy Seaman William Johnson Louisville Mississippi RPPC MS
$15.00
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c1942 WWII US Navy Seaman Edward J McGuire 3357 S Oakley Chicago IL RPPC
$15.00
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Small Photo of WW2 US Navy Seaman
$3.00
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WWII US NAVY SEAMAN CRACKER JACK UNIFORM JACKET Naval Vintage Japan patches
$35.00
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WWII Royal Canadian Navy leading seaman raising patch badge RN RCN RAN RNZN4
$14.99
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WWII US Navy USN seabee seaman 2nd class uniform brooklyn depot tag size 36
$25.00
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WORLD WAR II UNITED STATES NAVY SEAMANS FLAT HAT WITH GOLD LETTERS
$25.00
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WWII US NAVY SEAMAN CRACKER JACK UNIFORM JACKET Naval Clothing Factory Vintage
$18.99
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USNAVY WW2 SEAMANS FLIGHT DECK COVERALLS
$225.00
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Navy Training Course 1940 Preparation For Rating Of Seaman 1C Info Tests Ans Key
$14.99
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WWII US Navy Personal Seamans Book
$75.00
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WOW Nice Vintage US Navy WWII USN Soldier Seaman Black White Photo Framed Rare
$39.00
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WWII US Navy seaman jumper uniform trousers Aviation Machinist Mate 2nd named
$65.00
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US NAVY SEAMAN APPRENTICE NON RATED GROUP RATE MARK
$2.50
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United States Navy Seaman in Uniform with young boy in uniform WWII era
$18.99
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Vintage SET 1940s WW2 NAVY NAMED SEAMAN SAILOR BUCKET 3 HAT CRACKER JACK SIZE 7
$24.95
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Lot US Navy White Uniform Top Bottom Belt Jumper Summer Sailor Seaman Button Fly
$74.95
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WWII Imperial Japanese Navy Type III Enlisted Seamans Combat Cap Sz 58 Repro
$29.99
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ORIGINAL WWII JAPANESE NAVY ENGINEERING SEAMAN 3RD CLASS IN BULLION
$29.99
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German Navy U Boat Enlisted Seaman Hat Cap Uniform Sea Wolf Pack Kriegsmarine
$59.99
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US 1944 Vintage Fabric Navy Patch US NAVY SEAMAN
$12.00
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VINTAGE NAVY UNIFORM by NAVAL CLOTHING FACTORY W TAGS CRACKERJACK PANTS SEAMAN
$16.99
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Vintage World War 2 Navy Seaman Cracker Jack Flat Top Hat Camp Scott freeUSAship
$29.99
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WWII era or Korea US Navy N140 62236s 38693B seamans cold weather hood w wool
$45.97
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RARE WWII Hand Tinted Victory Photograph Black American Navy Seaman Convex Frame
$274.95
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WW2 WWII US Navy Seaman 1st Class VTG Uniform + Hat Small Cracker Jack Halloween
$99.95
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WWII US Navy Seaman 1st Class VTG Uniform Small Cracker Jack Halloween Two Tops
$44.95
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ORIGINAL WWII USN NAVY BLUE JUMPER w SEAMAN BRANCH WHITE BRAID
$7.99
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Navy Seaman

Private Snafu Presents Seaman Tarfu in the Navy

Captain Cook and the Discovery of Australia

It is strange to think now, that well into the eighteenth century, Australia and New Zealand were little more than a rumour to the wider world. Ferdinand Magellan had made the first Pacific crossing in as early as 1520 but the great Ocean was still virtually uncharted. There were a lingering suspicion that a vast unknown continent lurked in the depths of the world, it was generally referred to as Terra Australis Nondum Cognita, loosely translated as The Southern Land Yet Unknown. Many European sailors including Francis Drake had searched in vain for this secretive land. In 1769, the British Admiralty organised a scientific expedition to observe the transit of Venus which was to cross the sun, the expedition was also given the secret mission to hunt for the hidden continent. The Admiralty chose a brilliant young navigator named James Cook to lead the expedition. Cook had successfully charted the St. Lawrence river in Quebec, his charts later helping General Wolfe’s army capture Quebec from the French in 1759. Cook had been born in humble circumstances in the small village of Marton in Yorkshire. At the age of seventeen he became apprenticed to a firm of Whitby coal shippers, he spent several years on colliers sailing between Tyne and London mastering his craft; while at night studying algebra, geometry, trigonometry, navigation and astronomy. On completion of his apprenticeship he began working on trading ships on the Baltic Sea. He worked his way through the ranks, eventually being offered command of his own vessel in the merchant navy, however, quite amazingly he turned it down, opting instead to volunteer in the Royal Navy as an Able Seaman.

Cook quickly rose through the ranks obtaining the rank of Master which was the highest non-commissioned rank achievable. It was as a Master that he produced his highly valuable maps during the Siege of Quebec that first brought him to the attention of the British Admiralty. During the early 1760s, he surveyed the jagged coastline of Newfoundland gaining a mastery of the skill of practical surveying under the most adverse conditions. His appointment as Captain of the major expedition into the South Seas was a remarkable achievement, as very few men ever managed to rise from seaman to commander and in addition, such high class appointments were usually ridden with bribery and corruption and granted to those with influence. Cook chose a Whitby built collier named the Endeavour, the type of ship that he knew so well. It was stoutly built, well capable of withstanding the pounding sea, could hold a glut of provisions and could be managed by a small crew if necessary. It sailed from Plymouth on 26 August 1768 with a rather large crew of ninety-four. It made its way around Cape Horn and anchored in Tahiti on 13 April 1769 where the observations for the transit of Venus were to be made, however they did not prove to be as conclusive or accurate as had been hoped. It was an idyllic sojourn on the island with the crew and islanders striking up a camaraderie. The Endeavour then continued on to New Zealand, where Cook mapped the entire coastline, remarkably making only some minor errors, in fact the maps used today are little different.

 

 

Cook then sailed onto the south-eastern coast of Australia anchoring in Botany Bay, naming it after the rich specimens which the botanists of the expedition had gathered there. It was here that Cook’s crew made first contact with an Aboriginal tribe before heading northwards as far as Possession Island, declaring the entire explored coastline as British. They returned to England via the Cape of Good Hope landing on 12 July 1771. Cook was promoted from Master to Commander and was once again commissioned by the Royal Society to search for the mythical Terra Australis. His first voyage had proved that New Zealand was not connected to a larger landmass and although he had charted the eastern coast of Australia, it was not considered to be what they were looking for, as it was thought to lie much further south. He took two Whitby colliers for his second voyage, Resolution and Adventure, the expedition circumnavigated the globe at a very high southern latitude. Cook almost encountered the mainland of Antarctica but turned northwards back towards Tahiti. Cook’s third and last voyage was to find the North-West Passage, believed to link the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans. Once again he took the Resolution and another Whitby collier named Discovery. The expedition made landfalls at South Africa, Tasmania, New Zealand, Tahiti, Canada, Alaska and the Hawaiian Islands. Sadly however, Cook became involved in a confrontation with a party of Hawaiian islanders in which he was stabbed to death on 14 February 1779. His voyages paved the way for British colonisation of New Zealand and Australia and the advances in surveying and mapping that were garnered, reinforced the Royal Navy’s place as the naval superpower of the time.

About the Author

Russell Shortt is a travel consultant with Exploring Ireland, the leading specialists in customised, private escorted tours, escorted coach tours and independent self drive tours of Ireland. Article source Russell Shortt, http://www.exploringireland.net http://www.visitscotlandtours.com

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